POTUS Executive Orders - "Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements" and &q

The Executive Orders entitled "Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements" (link here) and "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States" (link here) focus on border security and immigration law enforcement.

These Executive Orders direct:

  • The immediate planning, design, and construction of a physical wall along the southern border, using appropriate materials and technology to most effectively achieve complete operational control;

  • The end of “catch and release;"

  • The creation of more detention space at the border to facilitate the return of detainees to their home countries;

  • The hiring of 5,000 more USCBP Border Patrol agents;

  • The promotion of agreements with state and local law enforcement to enforce immigration laws;

  • The withholding of federal funds from “sanctuary cities;" and

  • Triples number of USICE immigration officers to perform law enforcement functions.

Further, the Orders:

  • Make public on a quarterly basis a comprehensive list of criminal actions committed by foreign nationals;

  • Make the acceptance of foreign nationals who are subject to removal from the United States a condition precedent to diplomatic negotiations;

  • Establish an "Office for Victims of Crimes Committed by Removable Aliens" to provide support for family members; and

  • Reinstate the Secure Communities ("SCOMM") Program that focuses on deportation of those who pose threats to public safety.

The Chief of the U.S. Border Patrol has left the agency that is in charge of securing America’s borders with Mexico and Canada, the Associated Press reports. According to a U.S. official and a former official, Border Patrol agents have been told that Mark Morgan is no longer on the job. It was not immediately clear whether Morgan resigned or was asked to leave. In addition, the entire DOS senior level of management officials resigned unexpectedly today, reports the Washington Post. Four DOS officials confirmed that Patrick Kennedy, who has been the undersecretary for management for nine years, has resigned, as have three of his top officials - Assistant Secretary of State for Administration Joyce Anne Barr; Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs Michele Bond; and Ambassador Gentry O. Smith, director of the Office of Foreign Missions. All are career foreign service officers who have served under both Republican and Democratic administrations.

It is anticipated that a third Executive Order will be signed this week relating to visa issuance, screening procedures, and refugees. The draft Order is entitled "Protecting the Nation from Terrorist Attacks by Foreign Nationals." Among other provisions, if implemented as drafted, the Order would suspend the immigrant and nonimmigrant entry of nationals from certain designated countries, including Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, for 30 days from the date of the order.

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